Radar Level Sensor

Radar Level Sensor

Radar Level Sensor is a safe solution even under extreme process conditions (pressure, temperature) and vapors. Level radar sensors provide a non-contact continuous level measurement of difficult liquids and solids that cannot be measured with ultrasonic technology.

They are unaffected by sludge and biomass, dust, foam, oil, grease and other coatings, uneven surfaces, turbulence, pressure, and vacuum, and provide accurate level sensing over larger ranges. Single-frequency works well in liquids, while dual-frequency radar can be used to measure the level of aggregates, gravel, sand, coal, asphalt, and other solids.

Radar liquid level sensors are measurement devices that transmit and receive high-frequency radio waves (microwaves) to measure the distance to the surface of a liquid-based substance.

Radar liquid level sensor technology transmits a high-frequency electromagnetic wave pulse typically in the microwave spectrum and receives the wave reflected off a liquid surface. The time is taken for the microwave pulse to traverse the distance between the transmitting antenna and target surface, and back again to the receiving antenna is measured.

A radar liquid level sensor is an instrument for measuring the height of a liquid and converting it to an electrical signal. The liquid level signal output can then be utilized by other instrumentation to display, monitor, log or control the liquid level.

The distance (d) between the radar liquid level sensor and the liquid surface can be calculated by dividing the time taken (t) by two, and multiplying that by the speed of light (c), i.e. d = c ∙ t / 2. The liquid level in a tank (LT) can then be determined by subtracting distance (d) from the height of the radar level sensor (HT), i.e. LT = HT – d.

Unlike ultrasonic sensors, the performance of a radar level sensor is not easily affected by temperature changes, humidity, or vapor between the sensor and the liquid surface. This is because changes in air density only have a very small effect on the speed of electromagnetic waves. Also, radar liquid level sensors can work in a vacuum, high pressures, and high temperatures without any noticeable difference in measured transit time, so they can be used in applications where it is not possible to use ultrasonic-based sensors.

Due to the high-frequency electromagnetic waves used, it is possible to measure the distance to very high accuracy, as long as the surface is not too close to the sensor, where the pulse transit time becomes too small to measure precisely. This is called the dead zone, blocking distance or headband, and is typically greater than an ultrasonic-based device.

Since there is no contact with the fluid to be measured, radar liquid level measurement technology can be used in applications where sensors requiring contact are otherwise prohibited. These sensors have no moving parts which makes them very reliable, requiring very little maintenance.

Radar liquid level sensors are typically housed in a single assembly combining the transmitter and receiver antenna in one device.

The main two types of radar liquid level sensors used are through air radar (TAR) and guided wave radar (GWR).

The through-air radar liquid level sensor is the most commonly used type due to it being contactless and easier to install. The transmitted magnetic waves fan out from the sensor until they hit the surface of the liquid and are reflected back. The main drawback with TAR liquid level sensors is that the electromagnetic pulse energy is attenuated by greater distances and lower dielectric process media. Since there is no contact with the fluid to be measured, TAR liquid level measurement technology can be used in corrosive chemical applications.

The guided wave radar type includes a wave guide attached to the front of the sensor which is used to focus on microwave pulse and boost the reflected wave energy. This makes it possible to use GWR type sensors with lower dielectric process media where the performance of a TAR type sensor would otherwise be degraded.

Radar Level Sensor Features:

  • Non-contact, continuous level measurement over larger ranges
  • Unaffected by sludge and biomass, dust, foam, oil, grease and other coatings, uneven surfaces, turbulence, pressure, and vacuum
  • Single-frequency for liquid sensing, dual-frequency for level measurement of aggregates, gravel, sand, coal, asphalt, and other solids
  • Simple mounting and push-button calibration

Radar liquid level sensors are mounted above the surface of the liquid in the top of a tank or from a platform spanning the top of an open tank.

Continuous Radar level sensor provides a non-contact continuous level measurement of difficult liquids and solids that cannot be measured with the ultrasonic sensor. A radar-level antenna emits narrow microwave pulses that are transmitted down by the antenna.

The microwave comes into contact with the measured medium surface then is reflected back and received by the antenna system. The signal is transmitted to an electronic circuit and partly convert to level signals (as the microwave featured with high propagation speed, it’s almost instantaneous for the electromagnetic waves to reach the target and return to the receiver)

The level measuring products include 26 GHz high-frequency radar level transmitter, 6.8 GHz intelligent radar level transmitter, and guided wave radar level transmitter. These products are widely used in electricity, water, food & beverage, petroleum, petrochemical, coal, chemical, metallurgy industries.

Features of 26 GHz Radar Level Transmitter

  • Small antenna size, easy to install; non-contact radar, no wear, no pollution. ·
  • Almost free from corrosion, foam impact; hardly affected by the change of the temperature, pressure
    and water vapor in the atmosphere.
  • Severe dust environment is not likely to affect the work of the high-frequency level transmitter
  • The shorter wavelength can achieve better reflection for the inclined solid surface.
  • The small field angle and energy concentration, enhanced echo capabilities, and beneficial to avoid
    interference.
  • Minimized measuring blind spot can gain the better result of small tank measurement.
  • Minimized measuring blind spot can gain the better result of small tank measurement.
  • High SNR, even in the case of fluctuations can result in better performance.
  • High frequency, the best choice to measure solids and low dielectric media.

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