MATERIAL DESCRIPTION/MAIN CHARACTERISTICS
Material CORTEN A
Weathering means that due to their chemical compositions COR-TEN A and COR-TEN B steels when utilized unprotected, exhibit increased resistance to atmospheric corrosion compared to unalloyed steels. This is because it forms a protective layer on its surface under the influence of the weather.
The corrosion retarding effect of the protective layer is produced by the nature of its structure components and the particular distribution and concentration of alloying elements in it. The layer protecting the surface develops and regenerates continuously when subjected to the influence of the weather.
The formation, duration of development and protective effect of the covering layer on weathering steels depend largely upon the corrosive character of the atmosphere. Its influence varies and depends mainly upon general weather conditions (e.g. continental) macroclimate (e.g. industrial, urban, maritime or countryside climate) and the orientation of the structure components (e.g. exposed to or shaded from the weather, vertical or horizontal position).
The amount of aggressive agents in the air has to be taken into account. In general, the covering layer offers protection against atmospheric corrosion in industrial, urban and countryside climate. When utilizing this steel in unprotected condition it is up to the designer to take into account the expected loss of thickness due to corrosion and as far as necessary, compensate for it by increasing the thickness of the material.
In cases of particular air pollution by aggressive agents, conventional surface protection is recommended. The coating is absolutely necessary in cases of contact with water for long periods, when permanently exposed to moisture, or if it is to be used in the vicinity of the sea. The susceptibility of paint coats to under creepage by rust is less in the case of weathering steel than in the case of comparable non-weathering steel.
Corrosion-resistant steel – Weathering Steel grade
The steel is used for various types of welded, bolted and riveted constructions e.g. steel frame structures, bridges, tanks, and containers, exhaust systems, vehicles and equipment constructions. Basic guides for the use of this steel in the unprotected condition are described in EN 10025-5 and DASt rule 007.
The entire application technology is of fundamental importance for the performance of the products made from this steel. It must be taken into account that not only general climate conditions but also specific unfavorable local climate conditions in the broadcast sense as well as details of construction may affect the corrosion behavior of unprotected weathering steel.
The dependency on these facts makes it understandable that no warranty can be given. It is recommended to control the corrosion progress of protected parts out of weathering steel exposed to the influence of weather in reasonable time intervals. A minimum thickness of 5 mm is recommended when exposed to the weather in the unprotected condition.
To use the benefits of the higher atmospheric corrosion resistance of COR-TEN in comparison to unalloyed steel it is necessary that the design and execution of structures, as well as the performance of maintenance works, allow an impeded formation and regeneration of the protective rust layer. The methods must meet the latest requirements of technical progress and must be suited for the proposed application. Due consideration must be given to relevant construction.